Thursday, November 30, 2017

UP Doctor explains why Duterte is absolutely fit to be the Philippine President


Filipino Doctor and Professor Francisco Pascual Tranquilino hits back on former Economic Planning Secretary Solita Collas-Monsod, most commonly known as Mareng Winnie.
Doc. Tranquilino | Photo from Facebook

This after Monsod wrote an opinon in one of her articles in Inquirer.

In her recently-released opinion piece dated October 14, she questioned President Rodrigo Duterte's capability whether or not he is fit to run the country due to his 'narcissistic' behavior.

"Is the President fit to preside over our fates, or should we be warned? Does he still have that narcissistic personality disorder?", asked Monsod.

Meanwhile, the medical practitioner from the University of the Philippines fires back at Monsod by justifying the president's trait that could very well bring the country to greater heights.

Backed up with scientific facts, Doc. Tranquilino's presented information which only goes to show that majority of the successful countries were ran by the president with personality alike.

Read his post below:

SAGOT KO KAY MARENG WINNIE: 

OO, BALIW NGA SI DUTERTE AND HE IS IN GOOD COMPANY

MARENG WINNIE, OO, BALIW NGA SI DUTERTE! AND SO WERE JOHN F. KENNEDY, BILL CLINTON, FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, THEODORE ROOSEVELT, RONALD REAGAN, GEORGE W. BUSH, RICHARD NIXON AND MANY MORE. PRESIDENT DUTERTE AND ALL THESE GREAT LEADERS AND WORLD FIGURES WERE FOUND TO HAVE NARCISSISTIC PERSONALITY TRAITS. THEIR BOLDNESS REFLECTS A BETTER PRESIDENTIAL PERFORMANCE, LEADERSHIP, PERSUASIVENESS AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT SKILLS. 

AFTER ALL, AS ONE PSYCHOLOGIST ONCE SAID, “PSYCHOPATHS AND HEROES ARE ‘TWIGS OFF THE SAME BRANCH,’ IT MAY BE THAT THEIR CHARACTERISTIC FEARLESS DOMINANCE OR BOLDNESS THAT SOMETIMES GIVES RISE TO PSYCHOPATHY MIGHT ALSO SOMETIMES GIVE RISE TO HEROISM.” 1
President Rodrigo Duterte | Photo from Google 

In her PDI article “Assessing a President’s Behavior” dated October 14, 2017, former Economic Planning Secretary Solita Collas-Monsod suggested that the “Philippine Medical Association, or whatever psychological or psychiatric associations should get together, with or without Dr. (Natividad) Dayan’s (former President of the International Council of Psychologists who examined President Duterte in his marriage annulment proceedings) presence, and assess the President’s behavior, based on her report and based on what they read about him. I am sure that informally, they have already done that. But in the interests of the country, we have to know: Is the President fit to preside over our fates, or should we be warned? Does he still have that narcissistic personality disorder?

http://m.inquirer.net/opinion/107888

My article now is not an assessment of Duterte’s behavior, I am not in a position to do so because it is beyond my expertise. However, what I will try to do is substantiate my position that the Monsod article is malicious in trying to insinuate that President Duterte is unfit to lead this country because of his apparent narcissistic personality disorder. Further, I will attempt to demonstrate that in actuality, Duterte is in good company and his personality may be the type appropriate to lead our country and a “small price to pay for leadership.”

Leadership expert Warren Bennis defined “leadership” as the capacity to translate vision into reality. According to him, great leaders possess dazzling social intelligence, a zest for change, and above all, a vision that allows them to set their sights on the things that truly merit attention. Develop a vision, establish what matters and be able to articulate its importance, consequently set directions and ultimately to inspire others. Recent studies suggest self-awareness and self-mastery are among the most important inner resources of the psyche that make a great leader.

Evaluating the psychological make-up of world leaders is nothing new. Many researches have looked at the personality types of US Presidents and UK Prime Ministers over the past decades. Political opposition or opportunists in our local setting, delight in labeling their opponents as psychopaths, however, studies will show that Presidents with high levels of certain psychopathic traits may actually fare better on their job. Psychopathic traits have sometimes been evaluated in terms of its implications on political leadership. In a study by Lilienfeld, et.al.2, the authors concluded that psychopathic personality (psychopathy) though characterized by maladaptive traits like poor impulse control and lack of guilt, some features however, like fearlessness and interpersonal dominance may actually be necessary in certain tasks including leadership positions. While some of these traits may lead to reckless criminality and violence, it can also contribute to skillful leadership in the face of a crisis. Thus, the positive effects of these seemingly psychopathic traits should be considered especially in their implications on leadership potential.
The hypothesis was tested in this study by assessing the personality traits of 42 US Presidents (up to George W. Bush) and revealed that dominance, which reflects the boldness associated with psychopathy, was associated with better rated presidential performance, leadership, persuasiveness, crisis management, Congressional relations, and allied variables; it was also associated with several largely or entirely objective indicators of presidential performance, such as initiating new projects and being viewed as a world figure. Of the 42 Presidents evaluated, Theodore Roosevelt ranked the highest for fearless dominance followed by John F. Kennedy, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Ronald Reagan, Rutherford Hayes, Zachary Taylor, Bill Clinton, Martin Van Buren, Andrew Jackson and George W. Bush.

Meanwhile, focusing in particular on Narcissistic Personality, a study was published in Psychological Science in 2013 that ranked 42 US Presidents in terms of their narcissistic personality3,4. The leaders were evaluated in terms of the grandiose narcissism trait that they possess. It revealed that this type of personality was associated with “superior overall greatness and positively associated with public persuasiveness, crisis management, agenda setting and allied behavior.” Also, the researchers discovered that grandly narcissistic Presidents won a larger share of the vote and initiated more legislation than less self-infatuated First Executives. Leaders with this type of personality, however, are more likely to be the targets of impeachment resolutions and some unethical behaviors. In this study, the most narcissistic President was Lyndon B. Johnson, followed by Theodore Roosevelt, Andrew Jackson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Bill Clinton, Chester A. Arthur, Woodrow Wilson and George W. Bush.

In another study conducted among US Presidents from 1776-1974, almost 50% were afflicted by mental illness, 27% of which met the criteria while in office which could have invariable affected the performance of their Presidential duties.5 24% of the subjects were diagnosed with depression, among them: James Madison, John Quincy Adams, Franklin Pierce, Abraham Lincoln, and Calvin Coolidge, 8% with social phobia to generalized anxiety disorder namely Thomas Jefferson, Ulysses S. Grant, Calvin Coolidge and Woodrow Wilson and another 8% had bipolar disorder, Lyndon Johnson and Theodore Roosevelt.

In all these studies, a common trait identified by all in terms of narcissistic personality is fearless dominance. A trait that is pretty much obvious in Duterte. This is a combination of physical and social fearlessness, and that “people high in boldness don’t have a lot of apprehension about either physical or social things that would scare others.” Authors in these studies2,4 add that these great leaders possess “a kind of resilience that don’t show a lot of anxiety or frustration in the face of everyday life challenges.” This is the same trait among psychopaths that is associated with callousness, indifference to negative consequences and impulse antisocial behavior.

The studies however did not consider these leaders as real psychopaths but they tend to be more like psychopaths than the general population in their level of fearless dominance but did not show a psychopathic excess of impulse antisocial behavior 2.

Another key concept in the study of personality disorder among great leaders is the syndrome known as “hubris.” Some symptoms summarized under this term may include the use of power for self-glorification, excessive self-confidence, accompanied by contempt for advise or criticism of others, and reckless and impulsive actions 7. Researchers however, noted the overlap of hubristic syndrome with the narcissistic personality disorder. And of the US Presidents in the last 100 years, the following exhibited hubristic traits and narcissistic personality: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Woodrow Wilson, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon and George W. Bush. While the UK Prime Ministers sharing this personality type were: Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher, Herbert Asquith, David Lloyd George and Tony Blair. Indeed, Duterte is in such a good company.

It was actually a mistake for Monsod to suggest that Duterte undergo an assessment by the Philippine Medical Association, or whatever psychological or psychiatric association for it only reflects her true intention of discrediting the President by making it appear that he suffers from a psychiatric illness rendering him incapable to lead the country. But based on what we have seen at this point, it is Duterte’s narcissistic personality, shared among many great leaders of the world, US Presidents and UK Prime Ministers, that may actually make him perform better on the job.

So finally, to Mareng Winnie’s final question: Is the President fit to preside over our fates, or should we be warned? Does he still have that narcissistic personality disorder?

MARENG WINNIE, BECAUSE OF PRESIDENT DUTERTE’S NARCISSISTIC PERSONALITY, HE IS ABSOLUTELY FIT TO PRESIDE OVER OUR FATES. AND LET ME WARN YOU, HE IS POISED TO BECOME A GREAT LEADER, ALONG THE LIKES OF THE ROOSEVELTS, KENNEDY, CLINTON, BUSH, NIXON, JOHNSON, CHURCHILL, THATCHER, ETC., ETC., ETC.!!!

References:

1. Smith SF, Dabbs JM. Are psychopaths and heroes twigs off the same branch? evidence from college, community and presidential samples. Journal of Research in Personality October 2013; 47 (5): 634-646.

2. Lilienfeld, S. O., Waldman, I. D., Landfield, K., Watts, A. L., Rubenzer, S., & Faschingbauer, T. R. (2012). Fearless dominance and the U.S. presidency: Implications of psychopathic personality traits for successful and unsuccessful political leadership. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(3), 489-505.

3. Morin, Rich, et.al. The Most Narcissistic US Presidents. The Pew Research: November 2013.

4. Ashley LW, Lilienfeld SO, Smith SF, et.al. The Double-Edged Sword of Grandiose Narcissism: Implications for Successful and Unsuccessful Leadership Among US Presidents. Psychological Science: October 2013.

5. Davidson, Jonathan R. T. MD; Connor, Kathryn M. MD; Swartz, Marvin MD. Mental Illness In U.S. Presidents Between 1776 and 1974: A Review of Biographical Sources. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease: January 2006 194(1), 47-50.

6. Howard, Jacqueline. Psychopathic Personality Traits Linked With U.S. Presidential Success, Psychologists Suggest. Science Sept.; 2012: 1-8.

7. Owen D and Davidson J. Hubris Syndrome: An acquired personality disorder? A study of US Presidents and UK Prime Ministers over the last 100 years. Brain May 2009; 132(5) : 1396-1406.

FPT
10/17/2017
Winnie Monsod | Photo from Google

Source: Francisco Pascual Tranquilino

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